Surface archeology in Roșia Montană
Between 2001 and 2006, the following areas with an archaeological potential were researched:
- Carpeni hill, Valea Nanului, areas of Hop-Găuri, Hăbad and Tăul Ţapului, Cetate massif, as well as a regional survey campaign on Cornei valley (2001);
- Carpeni hill, Tău Găuri, Hop-Găuri, Cârnic massif, Gura Roşiei area, the whole valley of Corna and Tăul Corna, Valea Săliştei (2002);
- Carpeni hill, Tău Găuri, Jig-Văidoaia massif, Ţarina and Gura Minei – Balmoşeşti areas (2003);
- Jig – Piciorag, Ţarina – follow up on the researches in the Roman incineration necropolis identified during the 2003 campaign, area of Pârâul Porcului – Tăul Secuilor and Tăul Anghel area (2004);
- Ţarina – continuation of the researches in the Roman incineration necropolis identified during the 2003 campaign, area of Pârâul Porcului – Tăul Secuilor, follow up on the researches in the Roman incineration necropolis identified during the previous campaign (2005);
- Pârâul Porcului – Tăul Secuilor – archaeological researches in the area continued, in the Roman incineration necropolis identified and researched during the previous campaigns (2006);
- Orlea (2007) – underground and surface archaeological evaluation
Main results of surface archaeological surveying (2001-2006):
- Identification and research of habitat areas during the Roman era, including public buildings located on Carpeni hill and in the area of Tăul Ţapului.
- Localization of certain settlements of Illyrian colonists situated in the areas of Găuri-Hop and Hăbad.
- Identification and research of several sacred areas situated in the areas of Hăbad and Valea Nanului, where more than 40 epigraph votive altars have been discovered.
- Research of five Roman incineration necropolises and two funerary areas in the points of Hop (255 graves), Valea Nanului (4 graves), Carpeni (8 graves), Tăul Cornei (324 graves), Jig-Piciorag (34 graves), Ţarina (495 graves) and Pârâul Porcului – Tăul Secuilor (310 graves researched so far), where more than 1,430 funerary complexes have been discovered – one of the biggest reservoirs of materials and information about funerary practices in the province of Dacia.
- Finding of the circular funerary grave from the 2nd-3rd century A.D. in Tău Găuri area; the monument is preserved in situ, and primary preservation and permanent protection measures have been taken (all funds related to the preservation and protection of the monument being provided, according to the law, by S.C. Roşia Montană Gold Corporation S.A.).
- Investigation of several primary gold processing areas (Jig-Piciorag, Hăbad).